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Researchers study link between insulin use and cancer in people with diabetes
December 23, 2009
Type 2 diabetes and obesity are linked to an increased risk of certain cancers. Recently published studies suggested that insulin glargine, a synthetic insulin preparation marketed under the trade name Lantus, may be associated with a higher risk of certain cancers than other insulins or oral glucose-lowering medications. However, these studies were unable to control for important factors such as obesity that may have driven the association.

On the other hand, a large randomized trial designed to examine another aspect of diabetes care, which used insulin glargine in one arm, showed no increase in the frequency of cancer with glargine.

Dr. Lisa LaVange

Dr. Lisa LaVange
Dr. Til Stuermer

Dr. Til Stuermer

To help resolve this important issue, scientists at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, including UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health’s Til Stuermer, MD, MPH, and Lisa LaVange, PhD, are coordinating a large, multi-site retrospective study on insulin users with type 2 diabetes. Stuermer is associate professor of epidemiology and director of the pharmacoepidemiology program in the epidemiology department, and LaVange, professor of biostatistics, directs that department’s Collaborative Studies Coordinating Center.

The study is designed to determine whether diabetic patients exposed to insulin glargine have a higher incidence of cancer than diabetic patients exposed to other insulins or to other glucose-lowering medications. Data will be collected from administrative and electronic-medical record databases.

Within this effort, there will be two parallel studies. The principal investigators of the first study are Laurel Habel, PhD, and Assiamira Ferrara, MD, PhD, from the Division of Research at Kaiser Permanente Northern California, and Daniel Strickland, PhD, from the Department of Research and Evaluation at Kaiser Permanente Southern California. Additional sites are being recruited nationwide to conduct a second study to allow for alternative, confirmatory and combined analyses.

Principal investigator John B. Buse, MD, PhD, chief of the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism in the Department of Medicine at UNC, said, “This study is the largest effort to date that examines the hypothetical insulin-cancer relationship. Both its size and the quality of the data will clearly enable us to provide a much better estimate of the safety of glargine in particular and insulin in general with regards to cancer risk.”

The study, which will analyze data from about 400,000 people with diabetes, determine their use of diabetes treatments including insulin and document the incidence of cancer, is funded by a research grant from the sanofi-aventis company.

In addition to Buse, Stuermer and LaVange, the UNC team includes collaborators from the Translational and Clinical Sciences (TraCS) Institute, the academic home of the National Institutes of Health Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA); UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center; the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research; the Institute for Pharmacogenomics and Individualized Therapy in the Eshelman School of Pharmacy; and the UNC School of Medicine’s Diabetes Center. Scientists from the American Diabetes Association and the American Cancer Society provide voluntary technical advice.

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UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health contact: Ramona DuBose, director of communications, (919) 966-7467 or ramona_dubose@unc.edu.

 

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