June 10, 2009
It’s June, the month when many couples promise to stay together “in sickness and in health.”But research shows both men and women tend to gain weight right after marriage – so, as brides and grooms-to-be prepare to tie the knot this summer, nutrition experts from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have some suggestions for how couples can help each other stay healthier together.
Penny Gordon-Larsen, PhD, associate professor of nutrition, and Natalie The, nutrition doctoral student, both in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, found people face the following risks of becoming obese, compared to people in romantic relationships who are not living together:
- Married women and men – both more than twice as likely to become obese;
- Women living with a romantic partner – 63 percent increased risk; and
- Men living with a romantic partner – no increased risk.
Gordon-Larsen and The first reported these findings in October 2007 at a meeting of the Obesity Society, a group of weight-loss scientists and professionals. Since then, additional analysis of the data also shows the risk of obesity rises the longer people live together. The findings are available now online and will be published next month in the journal Obesity.
“We’re trying to find out some of the reasons why this might be happening,” The said. “There are a number of health benefits to marriage, including decreased cigarette smoking and lower mortality. But we also see greater weight gain than in others of the same age, and greater risk of obesity.”
“A number of studies have shown that teens tend to put on weight as they become young adults,” Gordon-Larsen said. “This is a time when people are facing significant changes in their lives. Marriage and cohabitation present even bigger changes than single people face. Maybe the cause of weight gain is not just age, but the pressure of shifting behaviors that result in weight gain.”
According to Gordon-Larsen, when people are living together – married or not – they tend to share behaviors and activity patterns. They may chose to eat meals together, possibly cooking bigger meals or eating out more often than they did when they were single, and may watch TV together instead of going to the gym or playing a sport.
Gordon-Larsen said that in subsequent interviews with both romantic partners, they found that couples who lived together for more than two years (especially those who were married) were most likely to display similar weight/obesity patterns and physical activity behaviors.
So what’s the solution?
“If this is a time of shifting behaviors, and of influencing each other, then maybe it’s a good time to intervene with these young couples and get them to have a more positive effect on each other,” Gordon-Larsen said. “Maybe they can exercise together or cook healthy meals together. People who are married or who are living together tend to share behaviors. Couples can use that phenomenon to their advantage if they’re aware of what’s going on.”
Other weight loss studies have shown that the best way to help one person lose weight is to change behavior in the whole household, she said. If one person is at risk for obesity, then others are likely to be at risk or to become at risk.
“When people are married, or living together, they can offer each other social support for healthy behaviors and a healthy environment,” Gordon-Larsen said. “They can be good influences on each other. That may be how they can avoid the extra pounds now associated with marriage.”
Carolina Public Health is a publication of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health. To view previous issues, please visit www.sph.unc.edu/cph.