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Research News

Dubé researches ethics of HIV cure-related research, including perceptions of people living with HIV in the US

December 8, 2017
About 36.7 million people worldwide currently live with HIV. Two recently published papers co-authored by Dr. Karine Dubé help map the complex ethics of research into an HIV cure. Image of HIV drugs is courtesy of NIAID.

Speizer to lead $4M Gates Foundation grant to evaluate contraceptive method choices for youth in Africa, Asia

December 4, 2017
Dr. Ilene Speizer is principal investigator for a 4-year, $4 million Gates Foundation grant to inform programs and policies to expand contraceptive method choices for youth ages 15-24 in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Photo by Frerieke.

UNC launches innovative Center on Financial Risk in Environmental Systems

December 4, 2017
UNC has launched the Center on Financial Risk, a partnership between the Gillings School’s Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering and the UNC Institute for the Environment. Dr. Greg Characklis, Philip C. Singer Distinguished Professor, is the center’s director.

New study found no increased heart attack risk in users of proton pump inhibitors

November 30, 2017
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are medications commonly used for conditions like acid reflux. Doctoral student Suzanne Landi led a recent study that negates earlier reports by finding no increased risk of heart attack among PPI users compared with non-users. These results have important implications for physicians and patients.

American Indians, Alaskan Natives have lower five-year cancer survival rate than whites, even in urban areas

November 29, 2017
Earlier research has found that American Indians and Alaskan Natives have the lowest five-year cancer survival rate of any racial/ethnic group in the United States. A new study led by doctoral student Marc Emerson specifically addresses the cancer experience of American Indians and Alaskan Natives residing in urban settings.

Physician asks, ‘Global health: What’s in it for us?’

November 27, 2017
Dr. Satish Gopal, an American oncologist who lives and works in Malawi, makes a case for the importance of research and practice in global health. His commentary appears in the Oct. 10 issue of JAMA. (Photo courtesy of the Vermont National Guard.)

Smoke-free air laws found to have no greater financial impact on small businesses than large ones

November 25, 2017
The spread of clean indoor air laws in the U.S. has stagnated in recent years, in part due to concerns that such laws cause an undue economic burden to small businesses. Doctoral student Paul Shafer conducted a statistical analysis that disproved this anecdotal claim.

Examples from Puerto Rico: Why the federal government must stay involved in Medicaid services

November 14, 2017
Dr. Jonathan Oberlander and colleagues assess the negative consequences of caps on Medicaid funding in an article published online Nov. 8 in the American Journal of Public Health.

Simulations show that slowing climate change globally would improve US air quality, save thousands of lives

November 14, 2017
Actions to significantly slow climate change would improve air quality in the United States, avoiding roughly 24,000 premature deaths associated with air pollution in the year 2050.

Evidence, ethics and human rights should shape policies related to migration and health

November 10, 2017
Dr. Dilshad Jaff and colleagues offer new perspectives on the challenges of migrant health, particularly focusing on migrants with tuberculosis. They call for alliances between TB programs and migrants’ rights organizations, noting that rational public health and human rights approaches can ease the health burden for migrating people.