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Research News

Ribisl co-authors American Heart Association policy statement on e-cigarettes

Sept. 11, 2014 A policy statement newly released by the American Heart Association (AHA) says that electronic cigarettes, although safer than conventional cigarettes, pose a number of risks. The statement calls for continued monitoring of the health effects of electronic cigarettes, with special attention given to youth and adolescents. The AHA policy statement, published Aug…. Read more »

Hog workers carry drug-resistant bacteria even after leaving the farm

Sept. 9, 2014 A new study suggests that nearly half of workers who care for animals in large industrial hog farming operations may be carrying home livestock-associated bacteria in their noses, and that this potentially harmful bacteria remains with them up to four days after exposure. The study was led by Christopher D. Heaney, PhD,… Read more »

Diabetes drug does not increase short-term risk for pancreatic cancer, study finds

Aug. 29, 2014 A team of UNC researchers has found that drugs widely used to treat diabetes do not increase the short-term risk for pancreatic cancer. The report, “Dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitors and pancreatic cancer: a cohort study,” published online Aug. 11 and in the September print issue of Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, was prepared by Mugdha… Read more »

Study provides recommendations to prevent hospital infections through hand hygiene

August 22, 2014 It seems so simple: To stop spreading infection, health-care workers must wash their hands. Yet even after 150 years of demonstrated reduction in health-care associated infections through hand hygiene, health-care workers who must wash their hands many times a day sometimes don’t do it. Perhaps there is no sink nearby, or they… Read more »

UNC and MUSC collaborate to test diabetes outreach program

August 14, 2014 The North Carolina Translational and Clinical Sciences (NC TraCS) Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the South Carolina Clinical and Translational Research (SCTR) Institute at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) are partnering to decrease diabetes prevalence and complications in Bamberg County, SC. The Bamberg Diabetes… Read more »

Many older emergency department patients are malnourished, study finds

August 13, 2014 More than half of emergency department patients ages 65 and older who were seen at UNC Hospitals during an eight-week period were either malnourished or at risk for malnutrition. In addition, more than half of the malnourished patients had not been diagnosed previously, according to a new study by researchers at the… Read more »

Treating depression improves quality of life for those with HIV, study finds

August 11, 2014 Antiretroviral treatment has transformed HIV from a death sentence to a chronic condition, enabling infected adults to pay more attention to their quality of life. Yet quality of life is affected strongly by depression, which plagues HIV-infected adults at a higher rate than the general population. A new study by Brian Pence,… Read more »

HIV infections have dropped over last decade, finds JAMA study co-authored by Gillings School alumna

July 29, 2014 A study led by researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that the rate of HIV infections diagnosed in the U.S. has decreased by one-third over the past decade, offering hope that the AIDS epidemic in the U.S. may be slowing down. Amy Lansky, PhD, alumna of the… Read more »

‘Gillings Sampler’ offers efficient, portable way to study impact of pollution on lung tissue

July 23, 2014 A team of researchers at UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health has designed and developed a system that uses electrostatics to study the toxicity of airborne pollutants. William Vizuete PhD, associate professor in the Gillings School’s Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, and his colleagues developed the Gillings Sampler, the workings… Read more »

Food vouchers improve rates of medical circumcision for HIV prevention in Kenya

July 18, 2014 Medical male circumcision has been shown to be an effective intervention for preventing HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Now, a UNC researcher has led a team in discovering that small financial incentives can dramatically increase participation in programs that encourage men to seek circumcision. Harsha Thirumurthy, PhD, assistant professor of health policy and… Read more »