From health-care providers, announcements do more than conversations to improve HPV vaccination rates
In an effort to increase uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, researchers at UNC evaluated the effectiveness of training health-care providers either to make presumptive announcements about the vaccine or to engage in participatory conversations with families. Study results showed that only the announcement training led to a meaningful increase in vaccine initiation.
UNC researchers create first model of MERS-CoV virus in mouse populations
Researchers from UNC have announced a new mouse model for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. This publication marks the first time that an animal model has successfully reproduced the MERS-CoV disease symptoms seen in human patients.
UNC, Duke-NUS team identifies first step to neutralizing Zika
A team of researchers from the UNC Gillings School and the Duke-NUS Medical School has discovered the mechanism by which C10, a human antibody previously identified to react with the Dengue virus, prevents Zika infection at a cellular level.
ESE researchers awarded large supercomputing grant from DOE
A team of researchers, including two UNC faculty members and an alumnus, has been awarded a large grant from the United States Department of Energy (DOE). Through the Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment program, they will receive 115 million core hours of use on the world’s third-fastest supercomputer.
Lack of optimal breastfeeding may cause alarming disparities in infant deaths, study finds
Lack of optimal breastfeeding led to more than twice the number of deaths among African-American infants than white infants in computer models. This finding was published in a recent study co-authored by Dr. Alison Stuebe, Distinguished Scholar of Infant and Young Child Feeding in the Department of Maternal and Child Health.
Study finds disparities in drinking water quality in Wake County, NC
In Wake County, some predominantly African-American neighborhoods in urban areas completely lack access to nearby municipal water systems. As a result, residents are exposed to notably higher quantities of microbial contaminants via well water.
Giving women HIV self-tests promotes male partner testing
Providing pregnant and postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa with multiple HIV self-tests can make it more likely their male partners will be tested for HIV, found a study led by Dr. Harsha Thirumurthy of the health policy and management department.
In AJPH editorial, researchers oppose legislation that would threaten food security
The Improving Child Nutrition and Education Act of 2016 (H.R. 5003) does not live up to its name, say two researchers from the Gillings School of Global Public Health at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Pollution emitted near equator has biggest impact on global ozone
Research led by Dr. Jason West confirms that the location of air pollutants has a big impact upon ozone levels. Because the interplay of pollutants with higher temperatures speeds up the chemical reactions that form ozone, the worst effects of pollution are seen near the equator. West suggests that effects of current pollution levels could be difficult to remedy without strategic policy planning.
New study brings awareness to overlooked immigration issues around higher education
In a recent study, researchers from the Departments of Health Behavior and Maternal and Child Health investigated how youth in North Carolina can be “locked out” of educational opportunities through complicated immigration policy.