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Research News

Hookah smoking seen as emerging public health threat in Kurdish region of Iraq

February 23, 2017
Drs. Dilshad Jaff and Anant Kumar describe hookah smoking in the Kurdish region of Iraq as an emerging public health threat. The ongoing armed conflict, economic distress and easy availability of tobacco contribute to the problem.

Sugar-sweetened beverage purchases declined in two years after Mexican ‘soda tax’ passed

February 21, 2017
A new study by nutrition researchers Drs. Shu Wen Ng and Barry Popkin — and their collaborators in Mexico — found that Mexico’s tax on sugary beverages caused the purchase of those beverages to decline during the second year of the tax. Earlier research had shown an immediate decrease in purchases in the tax’s first year. The study is published in the journal Health Affairs.

Legal marijuana sales creating escalating damage to the environment

February 20, 2017
By 2020, legal marijuana sales in the U.S. will generate more annual revenue than will the National Football League. However, growing the plant has serious repercussions for the environment, according to a new study by Dr. William Vizuete and a U.K. colleague.

Maternity waiting homes bring help to vulnerable women in Malawi

February 16, 2017
Dr. Kavita Singh led a study, published in the International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, showing that maternity waiting homes (MWHs) offer a promising strategy to reduce maternal mortality in Malawi and other low-income countries. MWHs allow women who live in rural areas or who have high-risk pregnancies to live closer to a health facility toward the end of their term.

Gillings School is top public health school at public university for NIH funding

February 16, 2017
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has announced that the Gillings School was the top public health school at a public university in receiving NIH funding during fiscal year 2016. The School received 107 awards, for a total of $65,454,312 in funding.

Breast cancer mortality risk associated with eating smoked or grilled meats

February 12, 2017
A recent study led by Gillings School researchers found that women who survive breast cancer may increase their risk of mortality if they have consumed high levels of grilled, barbecued and smoked meat. Drs. Humberto Parada and Marilie Gammon are co-authors of the study, which was published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Diabetes mellitus associated with increased risk of death from ovarian cancer

February 12, 2017
A new study led by epidemiology doctoral student Dr. Dongyu Zhang suggests that ovarian cancer patients who also have diabetes mellitus (DM) have higher mortality rates than those without DM.

Study investigates role of cadmium and microRNAs in preeclampsia

February 10, 2017
Drs. Rebecca Fry and Samira Brooks have explained an underlying biological mechanism by which exposure to cadmium may increase the risk of developing preeclampsia during pregnancy. Their study was published in Food and Chemical Toxicology.

Daily sugar-sweetened beverage intake alters human brain and behavior, study finds

February 10, 2017
Research by Dr. Kyle Burger, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, found that daily consumption of a high-sugar juice beverage altered brain responses while subjects drank the beverage and looked at its logo – and produced behavioral responses when seeing the logo alone.

Maps in new UNC-led study show each state’s stroke risk factors at a glance

February 8, 2017
A new study led by Dr. Matthew Loop has produced data-rich maps of the United States that show the geographic distribution of key stroke-causing factors. On the maps, the Southeast, especially the states of Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee, display some of the highest prevalence of hypertension and diabetes among whites and blacks.