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Research News

AJPH editorial proposes a ‘causal impact’ framework to improve public health decision making

June 13, 2016 In a recently published editorial, researchers from the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health departments of epidemiology and biostatistics argue that a “causal impact” framework – one that includes internal and external validation and examines the effects of population-level interventions – could improve public health decision-making. Gillings School co-authors are Daniel… Read more »

Extending municipal water service may reduce GI illness in those who rely on private wells

June 8, 2016 A study co-authored by a researcher at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health provides new evidence that extending regulated community water service to populations currently relying on private wells may decrease the population burden of acute gastrointestinal illness. Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson, PhD, associate professor of environmental sciences and engineering at… Read more »

Study examines peer support narratives written by cancer survivors for patients currently undergoing treatment

June 8, 2016 A new study by researchers at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill may guide the development of methods that will help caregivers and peer counselors provide effective advice to patients undergoing an arduous cancer treatment without undermining the patients’ coping efforts or worsening their emotional distress. Yael Symes, MSPH, doctoral… Read more »

Advanced cancer patients receive high rates of aggressive care at end of life

June 6, 2016 In the last month of their lives, younger cancer patients continued to be hospitalized and receive other aggressive treatment at high rates, found a study led by The University of North Carolina’s Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center. Stacie B. Dusetzina, PhD, assistant professor of health policy and management at the UNC Gillings School… Read more »

Pictures on cigarette packs, warning of smoking dangers, increased quit attempts among smokers

June 6, 2016 Affixing pictures on cigarette packs to illustrate the dangers of smoking increased attempts by smokers to quit, according to the findings of a University of North Carolina study published online June 6 by JAMA Internal Medicine. Reducing smoking is a top public health priority because it is a leading cause of preventable… Read more »

Study finds broad support for increasing legal age of tobacco sales

June 1, 2016 A national survey conducted by researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and East Carolina University has found strong support in all regions of the United States for raising the legal age of tobacco sales. Joseph G.L. Lee, PhD, alumnus of UNC’s Gillings School of Global Public Health and… Read more »

Gene expression patterns of normal tissue linked to breast cancer prognosis, study finds

May 26, 2016 Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have identified a particular gene expression pattern in normal-appearing breast tissue around tumors that was linked to lower 10-year survival rates for women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Based on the finding, they believe they could use gene expression patterns – identified… Read more »

Flint water crisis confirms need for improved risk management of US drinking water

May 24, 2016 Researchers at The Water Institute at UNC, based in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, have called for better leadership from utilities, greater engagement by public health officials, and federal-level guidelines and tools in an effort to adopt preventive risk management of the nation’s drinking water sources. Rachel Baum, MSPH,… Read more »

Gammon and colleagues respond to international study on exercise and cancer risk reduction

May 20, 2016 An invited commentary, co-written by two UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health researchers and a Gillings School alumna now at Emory University, concurs with the “exciting findings” of a major international study. Those findings “underscore the importance of leisure-time physical activity as a potential risk-reduction strategy to decrease the cancer burden… Read more »

Key sources of air pollution-related deaths differ among world regions

May 19, 2016 The most significant emission source sectors for global air pollution-related deaths differ among world regions, finds a new study. For example, the residential and commercial sector has the most impact on global deaths related to fine particulate matter in the air. For deaths related to ozone, the land transportation sector has the greatest influence globally…. Read more »