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Research News

Study confirms link between alcohol consumption, breast cancer risk in black women

May 1, 2017
Based on studies that primarily have included data from white women, alcohol consumption is a known risk factor for breast cancer. Now, a study co-authored by epidemiology doctoral student Lindsay Williams, Dr. Melissa Troester and others confirms the link between alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk for black women, an understudied group.

Doctoral student co-authors two studies on the difficulties of quitting smoking

April 26, 2017
Paul Shafer, health policy and management doctoral student, co-authored two articles that examine aspects of the behaviors of smokers who are trying to quit or who are exposed to antismoking advertising. The articles appear in Preventing Chronic Disease and the Journal of Health Communication.

Study finds small, mostly-male schools are less likely to have sexual assault policies

April 20, 2017
A new research paper highlights the wide variation in definitions of consent at universities across the United States.

New study explores timing of changes in blood pressure health that lead to larger disparities

April 20, 2017
African Americans and men are more likely to transition from ideal levels of blood pressure in childhood or early adulthood compared to white Americans and women, which puts them at increased risk of developing hypertension earlier in life.

Gillings School authors study online sex education intervention

April 19, 2017
A recent study assessed high school students’ and health teachers’ perceptions of an online sexuality education intervention – and found the tool a valuable resource that provided high-quality health education while improving student engagement, privacy and comfort. Doctoral student Liz Chen and Dr. Clare Barrington are study co-authors.

One year later: Berkeley’s ‘Soda Tax’ significantly reduced sales of sugary drinks

April 18, 2017
A new study found that a 2015 tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) implemented by Berkeley, Calif., resulted one year later in a drop in SSB purchases and an increase in purchases of non-sweetened beverages, including water. The study, co-led by Drs. Barry Popkin and Shu Wen Ng, and researchers at the Public Health Institute of Oakland, Calif., was published in PLOS Medicine.

Gillings researchers find further evidence that bats may be evolutionary source of MERS

April 13, 2017
A collaborative team including researchers from the Gillings School has found new evidence to support the hypothesis that the MERS coronavirus originated in bat populations.

Ten-year study shows steady increase in Type 1, Type 2 diabetes in US youth

April 13, 2017
A study co-led by Dr. Beth Mayer-Davis and published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that the yearly rate of newly diagnosed cases of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in youth increased significantly and steadily in the years between 2002 and 2012, especially among Hispanic youth.

Oberlander’s ‘Perspective’ considers reasons for failure of Obamacare repeal

April 6, 2017
Dr. Jonathan Oberlander, in a New England Journal of Medicine ‘Perspective’ article, discusses why the initial effort to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act was such a monumental failure.

Cancer burden will shift for people with HIV in US, study finds

April 6, 2017
Epidemiology doctoral student Jessica Islam worked with researchers at the NCI and CDC to find that the total number of HIV-positive cancer patients in the U.S. is projected to decrease through 2030. Islam and colleagues attribute the lowered cancer risk to widespread treatment with antiretroviral therapies.