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Research News

Study finds broad support for increasing legal age of tobacco sales

June 1, 2016 A national survey conducted by researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and East Carolina University has found strong support in all regions of the United States for raising the legal age of tobacco sales. Joseph G.L. Lee, PhD, alumnus of UNC’s Gillings School of Global Public Health and… Read more »

Gene expression patterns of normal tissue linked to breast cancer prognosis, study finds

May 26, 2016 Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have identified a particular gene expression pattern in normal-appearing breast tissue around tumors that was linked to lower 10-year survival rates for women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Based on the finding, they believe they could use gene expression patterns – identified… Read more »

Flint water crisis confirms need for improved risk management of US drinking water

May 24, 2016 Researchers at The Water Institute at UNC, based in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, have called for better leadership from utilities, greater engagement by public health officials, and federal-level guidelines and tools in an effort to adopt preventive risk management of the nation’s drinking water sources. Rachel Baum, MSPH,… Read more »

Gammon and colleagues respond to international study on exercise and cancer risk reduction

May 20, 2016 An invited commentary, co-written by two UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health researchers and a Gillings School alumna now at Emory University, concurs with the “exciting findings” of a major international study. Those findings “underscore the importance of leisure-time physical activity as a potential risk-reduction strategy to decrease the cancer burden… Read more »

Key sources of air pollution-related deaths differ among world regions

May 19, 2016 The most significant emission source sectors for global air pollution-related deaths differ among world regions, finds a new study. For example, the residential and commercial sector has the most impact on global deaths related to fine particulate matter in the air. For deaths related to ozone, the land transportation sector has the greatest influence globally…. Read more »

Stamm discusses Zika virus in JAMA ‘Viewpoint’

May 19, 2016 Much media attention has been given to the spread of Zika virus in South America, but the mosquito-borne virus also poses a seasonal threat to more than 192 million people living in the southern United States. Becoming educated about the virus and its potential impact is an important step toward defending against… Read more »

Promise of nearly a year of life on targeted drug not reality for all liver cancer patients, study finds

May 16, 2016 For advanced liver cancer, there’s a single approved drug shown to offer patients a chance at longer life. But a new study co-authored by two researchers in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health found that this drug was notably less effective in a group of Medicare patients, who likely had… Read more »

Smokers and former smokers show COPD-like symptoms despite otherwise normal lung function

May 11, 2016 About half of current or former smokers have respiratory symptoms similar to COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and an increase of COPD-like symptom flare-ups, despite no COPD diagnosis and tests that show normal lung function. Those are the findings of a new study appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine titled… Read more »

Metabolic reprogramming of white blood cells controls inflammation in fat

May 11, 2016 Researchers in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health have found that it is possible to control inflammation in fat tissue by manipulating the presence of a specific metabolic protein in a type of white blood cell called a macrophage. This metabolic reprogramming may provide a crucial strategy for weakening the… Read more »

Costs of cancer drugs skyrocket; patients bear burden

April 28, 2016 A study authored by Stacie Dusetzina, PhD, assistant professor of health policy and management at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, found that oral cancer drugs introduced in 2014 were six times more expensive than those introduced in the year 2000. The findings raised concerns, as patients must bear the… Read more »