Reducing "tobacco swamps" could improve public health

September 30, 2021
Reducing “tobacco swamps” — densely located stores that sell tobacco products — could have a major impact on public health, according to new research.

Timeline to eliminate cervical cancer varies widely based on wealth

September 29, 2021
Increasing rates of vaccination against human papillomavirus will lead to a near-elimination of cervical cancer in some communities by 2030, according to recent research published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention by a research team that includes Gillings School alumnae and faculty members. However, these projections point to a stark truth: a 14-year delay in areas with higher rates of poverty.

Partner violence elevates postpartum viral loads in South Africa

September 14, 2021
Infants can be healthy and HIV-free when their HIV-positive mothers are healthy. Antiretroviral treatment (ART) is the best way to support this outcome, but barriers including partner violence mean that large numbers of women around the world are unable to continue with ART after giving birth.

Microeconomic interventions show potential to reduce HIV vulnerability among transgender women

September 9, 2021
Dr. Tonia Poteat and colleagues have published research on flexible microeconomic interventions, which can support gender affirming interventions, improve financial literacy and provide non-stigmatizing, living-wage employment for economically vulnerable transgender women. While not focused on HIV, such interventions have the potential to reduce the structural drivers of HIV risk.

Firearm use is more prevalent than thought in intimate partner violence

August 27, 2021
In North Carolina, firearm use in incidents of intimate partner violence is much higher than previously thought, even in non-fatal reports.

The impact of anxiety and alcohol dependence on HIV therapy: New findings from Vietnam

July 23, 2021
A study of people living with HIV in Vietnam suggests that depression and anxiety can lead to lower rates of antiretroviral therapy adherence. Alcohol dependence can worsen the negative effects of anxiety in a synergistic manner, further contributing to poor therapy adherence.

Study reveals $17.5 billion business of underage drinking

June 10, 2021
A new study has found that underage drinkers consumed $17.5 billion worth of alcoholic drinks sold in 2016. Public health experts, including Dr. Pamela Trangenstein at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, say alcohol company revenues could be used to help curb underage drinking

Mobile gaming app enhances HIV care 

April 27, 2021
Gaming features that can drive airline loyalty and inspire people to take more steps during the day have now been integrated into a mobile phone application to enhance HIV care.

What do we know about women and HIV in the United States?

April 20, 2021
While the United States is the world’s biggest funder of AIDS research and programs, it is also the only high-income member of the top 10 most HIV-affected countries. With this in mind, Dr. Adaora Adimora and co-authors have highlighted important recent developments concerning HIV epidemiology, comorbidities, treatment and prevention among women in the U.S.

Billboard and storefront ads for cannabis linked to problematic use by teens

April 8, 2021
Adolescents who frequently see billboard or storefront advertisements for recreational cannabis are more likely to use the drug weekly and to have symptoms of a cannabis use disorder, according to a new study in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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