References

 

Website and county-level map references

 

  1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011a). Toxics Release Inventory. Toxics Release Inventory Program. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/tri/index.htm.
  2. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011b). National Priorities List. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/npl/
  3. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2010). CERCLA Priority List of Hazardous Substances. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/cercla/
  4. U.S. Geological Survey. (2011). Aquifers. Water Science for Schools. Retrieved from http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/earthgwaquifer.html 
  5. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2002). Drinking water from household wells. Water: Private Wells. Retrieved from http://water.epa.gov/drink/info/well/basicinformation.cfm
  6. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2010). Technology Transfer Network Emission Measurement Center. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/ttn/emc/facts.html 
  7. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2009). Water on tap: what you need to know. Water. Retrieved from http://water.epa.gov/drink/guide/
  8. Oblinger Childress, C., Foreman, W., Connor, B., & Maloney, T. (1999). New reporting procedures based on long-term method detection levels and some considerations for interpretations of water-quality data provided by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Laboratory. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved from http://water.usgs.gov/owq/OFR_99-193/ofr99_193.pdf
  9. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2010). What is nonpoint source pollution? Water: Polluted Runoff. Retrieved from http://water.epa.gov/polwaste/nps/whatis.cfm
  10. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. (2008). Categories of pollution: point source. Nonpoint Source Pollution. Retrieved from http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/pollution/03pointsource.html
  11. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011c). National primary drinking water regulations. Water: Drinking Water Contaminants. Retrieved from http://water.epa.gov/drink/contaminants/index.cfm
  12. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011d). Cleanup process. Superfund. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/superfund/cleanup/index.htm
  13. U.S. Geological Survey. (2011). Water science glossary of terms. Water Science for Schools. Retrieved from http://water.usgs.gov/ogw/gwsw.html
  14. NC Division of Waste Management. (2005, May). Guidelines for establishing remediation goals at RCRA hazardous waste sites. North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Retrieved from http://portal.ncdenr.org/c/document_library/get_file?p_l_id=38491&folderId=328599&name=DLFE-9856.pdf 
  15. Kenny, J.F., Barber, N.L., Hutson, S.S., Linsey, K.S., Lovelace, J.K., & Maupin, M.A. (2009). Estimated use of water in the United States in 2005. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved from http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1344/.
  16. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2007, August). Arsenic. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts2.pdf
  17. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2007, August). Barium. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=326&tid=57
  18. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2007, August). Benzene. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=38&tid=14
  19. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2008, September). Cadmium. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=47&tid=15
  20. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2008, September). Chromium. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=61&tid=17
  21. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2004, September). Copper. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=205&tid=37
  22. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (1995, September). 1,2 Dibromomethane. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=725&tid=131
  23. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (1999, July). 1,2 Dichloropropane. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=830&tid=162
  24. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2010, September). Ethylbenzene. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=382&tid=66
  25. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2003, September). Fluorine, hydrogen fluoride, and fluorides. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=211&tid=38
  26. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, November). Isopropyl ether. NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0362.html
  27. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2007, August). Lead. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=93&tid=22
  28. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2008, September). Manganese. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=101&tid=23
  29. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (1999, April). Mercury. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=113&tid=24
  30. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2011, January). Nitrates and nitrites. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/tf.asp?id=1186&tid=258
  31. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2010, September). pH. CADDIS Volume 2: Sources, Stressors & Responses. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/caddis/ssr_ph_int.html
  32. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2003, September). Selenium. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=152&tid=28
  33. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (1999, July). Silver. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=538&tid=97
  34. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2009, August). Sodium in drinking water. Water: Contaminant Candidate List. Retrieved from http://water.epa.gov/scitech/drinkingwater/dws/ccl/sodium.cfm#three
  35. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2001, February). Toluene. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=160&tid=29
  36. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2007, August). Xylenes. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=295&tid=53
  37. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2005, August). Zinc. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=301&tid=54
  38. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2001, September). 1,2-Dichloroethane. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=591&tid=110
  39. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2006, July). Trichloroethylene. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=172&tid=30
  40. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (1997, September). Tetrachloroethylene (PERC). Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=264&tid=48
  41. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (1997, September). Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=227&tid=41
  42. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2006, July). Vinyl chloride. Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine ToxFAQs. Retrieved from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/TF.asp?id=281&tid=51
  43. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011, January). MTBE (methyl-t-butyl ether) in drinking water. Water: Unregulated. Retrieved from http://water.epa.gov/drink/contaminants/unregulated/mtbe.cfm
  44. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011, August). Basic information. Superfund. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/superfund/about.htm
  45. Phifer, R. (2010, November). RCRA- The first 30 years of hazardous waste regulation. Journal of Chemical Health and Safety. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871553210000046.
  46. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011, August). National Priorities List (NPL). National Priorities List. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/npl/
  47. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011, August). How sites are deleted from the NPL. Superfund. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/superfund/programs/npl_hrs/nploff.htm
  48. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. (2011, August). Superfund Research Program. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved from http://www.niehs.nih.gov/research/supported/srp/
  49. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (2010, October). UNC-CH Superfund Research Program. Superfund Research Program. Retrieved from http://www.uncsrp.org/
  50. U.S. Geological Survey. (2009, December). What is ground water? U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 93-643. Retrieved from http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1993/ofr93-643/ 
  51. U.S. Geological Survey. (2011, February). Groundwater: wells. Water Science for Schools. Retrieved from http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/earthgwwells.html
  52. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service. (1996, December). Your water supply well construction and protection. Water Quality and Waste Management. Retrieved from http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/extension/ext-publications/water/drinking/ag-469construction-huffman.pdf
  53. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011, July). Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). Water: Safe Drinking Water Act. Retrieved from http://water.epa.gov/lawsregs/rulesregs/sdwa/ 
  54. North Carolina Division of Public Health. (2011, April). Private well water and your health. North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from http://www.epi.state.nc.us/epi/oii/pdf/PrivateWellWaterFactST.pdf
  55. North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources. (2008, July). Section.3800. Private Drinking Water Well Sampling. Retrieved from http://www.deh.enr.state.nc.us/osww_new/new1/privwells.htm 
  56. North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources. (n.d.). Basic groundwater flow. On-site Water Protection: Private Wells Branch. Retrieved from http://www.deh.enr.state.nc.us/osww_new/new1/privwells.htm 
  57. The Groundwater Foundation. (2011). Sources of groundwater contamination. The Groundwater Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.groundwater.org/gi/sourcesofgwcontam.html.
  58. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2011, June). Learn about your right to know. Resources: Protecting the Environment. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/epahome/r2k.htm
  59. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2010, February). Private drinking water wells. Water: Private Wells. Retrieved from http://water.epa.gov/drink/info/well/index.cfm
  60. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009, April). Well testing. Drinking Water. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/drinking/private/wells/testing.html
  61. US Geological Survey. (2009). What is ground water? Groundwater Basics. Retrieved from http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1993/ofr93-643/ 
  62. NC Division of Public Health.  (2013).  Well water and health: facts and figures.  Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch.  Retrieved from http://testyourwell.nc.gov/oee/wellwater/figures.html.

 

GIS shapefile used for county-level maps

NC Shapefile: North Carolina Geographic Information Coordinating Council (GICC). Cb_100_poly.shp. NC One Map. Retrieved from http://www.nconemap.com/

 


This project was funded by an ARRA supplement from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (#P42ES005948) 2009-2011.