July 8, 2013

July 8, 2013

 

Health Disparities News and Announcements

If you have news, information, events, and research findings pertaining to health disparities, we want to know about it. We also welcome you to share your research as part of our Health Disparities Seminar Series. Please send information to Brandolyn White at bswhite@email.unc.edu or contact 919-843-2755. Please forward your announcements by noon on Wednesdays. Announcements are biweekly during summer months.
IN THIS ISSUE
RESEARCH
 
Illegal immigrants claim small share of U.S. health dollars, study finds. **New**
 

Illegal immigrants account for only 1.4 percent of health spending in the United States and have lower health care costs than legal residents or naturalized and U.S.-born citizens, according to a new study.

This suggests they have insufficient access to health care, concludes study author Jim Stimpson, director of the Center for Health Policy at the University of Nebraska Medical Center.

 

Read more.

 

Race may be a factor in loss of sense of smell that comes with age. **New**
 

Black and Hispanic Americans have a greater age-related decrease in their sense of smell than whites, a new study says.

Losing the ability to smell can lead to poor nutrition because food smells play a major role in how foods taste, the researchers noted. A declining sense of smell may also be an early warning sign of degenerative brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s, and can be associated with an increased risk of early death.

 

Read more.


Many black women prone to gene-driven breast cancer: Study.
 
In an attempt to better understand the genetics of breast cancer, new research suggests that about 20 percent of black women with the disease have an abnormality on at least one of 18 genes previously linked to breast cancer vulnerability.And those women with either aggressive “triple negative” breast cancer, early onset disease or a family history of breast and ovarian cancer are most likely to have such genetic abnormalities, the study authors said.

 
 

 
Low-income, minority parents more open to HPV vaccine for girls, study says. Low-income, minority parents have more realistic views about their teens’ sexual activity and are more open to vaccinating their daughters against the cervical cancer-causing human papillomavirus (HPV), a small new study contends.

Conversely, white, middle-class parents are more likely to put off vaccination for their daughters, according to researchers from the Boston University School of Medicine.

 
 

 
Infant care may help explain race-linked obesity gap.Certain risk factors during infancy may help explain the higher rate of obesity among black and Hispanic children, according to a new study.

Rapid infant weight gain, early introduction of solid foods, inadequate sleep and a lack of exclusive breast-feeding are among the early-life risk factors that account for this racial and ethnic disparity in childhood obesity, the study showed. Most of these risk factors, however, can be changed, the researchers said.

 

Blacks with certain gene need lower doses of warfarin: Study.The discovery of a genetic variation that affects how some black patients respond to the blood thinner warfarin could improve the safety and effectiveness of the drug, researchers report.

Blacks with this common genetic variation need a significantly lower dose of warfarin than those without the variation, the researchers report online June 4 in The Lancet.

Read more here and here.


Budenz (UNC) leads report that shows West African urban populations have the highest prevalence of glaucoma in the world.Dr. Budenz and his research group worked for 2-1/2 years in Tema, Ghana, West Africa, where they performed eye examinations with ancillary testing and photography on over 5,600 randomly selected adults age 40 and over. They found the highest prevalence of glaucoma in the world (6.8%) and a startlingly high prevalence of blindness and visual disability in this group.

Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, but it is preventable if identified early enough. The study will be used to heighten awareness of the glaucoma problem in people of African descent and to direct resources to glaucoma screening and treatment in Africa.

Read more.

 

 
Black prostate cancer patients more likely to delay treatment: Study.African American men on average wait a week longer than their Caucasian counterparts between the initial diagnosis of prostate cancer and treatment, according to University of North Carolina researchers.

 
 

NEWS
CDC recruiting more individuals for Tips from Former Smokers. **New**
 
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Office on Smoking and Health is recruiting individuals to feature in our next wave of CDC’s national tobacco education campaign. Like the earlier Tips efforts, the 2014 campaign will feature real people who suffered severe health conditions caused directly by smoking or who have lost a family member from a smoking-related condition.
 
We are seeking people across all population groups, but particularly candidates who are Asians or Spanish speaking individuals. All applicants must be tobacco-free for at least 6 months.We are looking for ex-smokers:
• Who have or have had colorectal cancer that was linked to cigarette smoking (ages 40-65).
• Who have or have had periodontal disease (gum disease) identified by their dentist or doctor, due to their smoking (ages 30-60).
• Who have HIV and have taken their medications as advised, but had their health get worse because of their smoking (men ages 25-50).We are also looking for WOMEN who are ex-smokers:

• Who have suffered from a heart attack due to smoking (ages 40-60).
• Who have had lung cancer that was caused by smoking (ages 40-60).
• Who smoked during their pregnancy and had a baby born with a cleft lip, cleft palate or low birth weight (less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces).
• Who smoked during their pregnancy and experienced pre-term delivery (before 37 weeks), placental abruption, placental previa, fetal growth restriction, or premature rupture of the membranes (when the water breaks before labor starts).

We are looking for someone who lost a family member before the age of 55 due to one of the following smoking-related diseases: COPD, heart attack, stroke, lung cancer, throat cancer or colorectal cancer.

Flyer in English.
Flyer in Spanish.


African-Americans on Medicaid are far less likely to receive living kidney transplants. **New**
 
African-Americans with Medicaid as their primary insurance were less likely to receive a living kidney transplant than patients with private insurance, according to a new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.”Living kidney transplantation is the optimal treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease, offering the best quality of life and longest survival,” said Amber Reeves-Daniel, D.O., assistant professor of nephrology at Wake Forest Baptist and lead author of the study.

 
 

 
Minority kids with Autism less likely to use specialty services: Study. **New**
 
Black and Hispanic children with autism are markedly less likely than children from white families to receive specialty care for complications tied to the disorder, a new study finds.Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital for Children in Boston found that the rates at which minority children accessed specialists such as gastroenterologists, neurologists and psychiatrists, as well as the tests these specialists use, ran well below those of white children

 
Read more.


Junk food ads may help drive obesity in Hispanic kids, study suggests. **New**
 
U.S. Hispanic children have high rates of obesity, and a new study suggests exposure to junk food ads on television might be one reason why.According to the study based on 2010 data, Hispanic children under the age of 18 viewed an average of 12 food and beverage TV ads per day.

 
UNC-CH has a new Graduate Certificate in Participatory Research!The Certificate Offers:
• Training in the theoretical bases, rationale, methodologies, challenges, and motivation for carrying out research in equitable partnership with instead of on communities.
• Exposure to participatory methods, ethical considerations, and research paradigms.
• Faculty mentorship and guidance to help you develop your respective projects.
• Connection to fellow graduate students, faculty, and community experts.
• Forums for discussing, sharing and refining participatory ethics and methodologies.
• Opportunities for students in all fields to gain experience by linking them to ongoing projects.

The Certificate is available to all graduate students across the University. It requires 10 hours of course credit over the student’s career and is meant to complement the student’s degree program.

More information.

 

Minorities harmed most by fast-food outlets near school: Study.Black and Hispanic teens who go to school near fast-food restaurants are more likely to be overweight and to not benefit as much from exercise as white or Asian students, researchers have found.

 

 
Gene discovered for Native American myopathy.Cynthia Powell, MD, MS, professor of Pediatrics and Genetics, is part of a team of researchers from the University of North Carolina, Duke University, and the University of Michigan that identified the gene, STAC3, for a severe neurological condition that affects some members of the Native American Lumbee tribe in North Carolina.

Read more.

 
 
TRAINING
 
Working Together, Building Bridges to Reduce Health Disparities. 

The American Cancer Society announces Bridges Community Health Worker program. Bridges is a collaboration between Community Health Worker (CHW) programs and the American Cancer Society, South Atlantic Division to increase breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening through education and awareness. Since mid-2009, Bridges partnerships have taken place throughout Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia to reach low income, rural and minority populations.

 

 

CSAP Prevention Fellowship Program.
Applications accepted 6/17/2013 to 8/23/2013.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) is accepting applications for the 2013-2015 Prevention Fellowship Program.

 
More information.



National Cancer Institute Cancer Fellowship Program
Application Deadline: August 25, 2013
The NCI Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program provides postdoctoral training opportunities in cancer prevention and control. The purpose of the program is to train individuals from a multiplicity of health sciences disciplines in the field of cancer prevention and control.

 

More information.

 
 
EVENTS
 
Save the Date: 2013 Merrimon Lecture & Health Justice ConferenceComparing Approaches to Health Inequalities and Justice: A Dialogue on Theory, Method, and (Inter)Disciplinarity

Friday, October 4, 2013: 4:30 – 6 p.m. in Rosenau Auditorium
The Merrimon Lecture: Ruth R. Faden, PhD, MPH of Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics

Saturday, October 5, 2013: 9 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. in Hyde Hall

The Merrimon lecture will be given by Dr. Ruth Faden, PhD, MPH, co-author of Social Justice: The Moral Foundations of Public Health and Health Policy (2006). This text develops the compelling argument that achieving justice requires establishing institutional and structural arrangements that facilitate people’s well-being, a position that we believe establishes a conceptual bridge between the many different contributors to the fields of justice and health inequalities. The Merrimon Lecture will be followed by a day-long conference on Saturday, October 5, consisting of three panels of four paper presentations, responses, and discussions, in which participants will engage with pre-circulated, original research papers, offering an opportunity to delve deeper into each others’ arguments and approaches.

More information.


Environmental Health Disparities and Environmental Justice Meeting. 

On July 29-31, 2013 the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) in partnership with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) , National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) , Office of Minority Health (OMH) , Indian Health Service (IHS) will host a meeting focused on identifying priorities for action to address environmental health disparities and environmental justice. 


 
NC Cervical Cancer Coalition Summit
Strengthening Systems and Programs
Friday September 13, 2013
Raleigh Crabtree Marriott

More information.

 

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES
 
PNIH: Stigma Funding Opportunities.
Deadlines start in September of 2013
 

This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) encourages research grant applications to characterize the role of stigma in health, life course development, and aging, both in the U.S. and globally, and to test interventions to prevent or reduce the impact of stigma at the individual, community, health care system, and policy levels. The goal of this FOA is to promote research addressing the health-related aspects of stigma, including the etiology and perpetuation of stigma; its impact on physical and mental health, well-being, life course development, and aging; its influence on health behaviors and on use, access to, and quality of received healthcare services; its contribution to health disparities affecting vulnerable demographic groups; and intervention strategies to reduce health-related stigma and/or the negative health and life course developmental impacts of stigma.There are three different grant opportunities:
R21 information.
R03 information.
R01 information.


 
PAmerican Cancer Society’s Extramural Grants Department
Pilot Studies Using Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) to Address Cancer Health Equity **New**
Deadline: October 15, 2013

The American Cancer Society is committed to reducing disparities in cancer burdens among population groups and to achieving health equity through its programmatic, research and advocacy strategies. The purpose of this call for applications is to stimulate research on effective interventions to reduce cancer health disparities (at any stage of the cancer continuum), using community-based participatory research (CBPR).Applicants must be located in Iowa, Minnesota, South Dakota, or Wisconsin.

More information
.


Go Red™ for Women Multicultural Scholarship Fund.
Deadline: November 30, 2013.
 

For racially and ethnically diverse women in at-risk communities, the need for passionate, strong voices in healthcare is critical.That’s because Hispanic women are likely to develop heart disease 10 years earlier than non-Hispanics. And African American women have almost twice the risk of stroke than Caucasians. Yet, there’s a shortage of diversity in female nurses and doctors.

Go Red For Women is committed to reversing those trends. That’s why we invite women to apply for one of the 16 scholarships of $2,500 that will be awarded through the Go Red™ Multicultural Scholarship Fund.

 

JOB/OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCEMENTS

 

UNC Center for Health Equity Research Postdoctoral Fellow
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Deadline: July 15, 2013
 
The UNC Center for Health Equity Research brings together scholars, trainees, and community members from diverse disciplines by forming collaborative multidisciplinary teams with a shared commitment to health equity, innovation and translational research; this shared commitment serves as a bridge among their disciplines and levels of experience. Center members generate new knowledge and contribute to the science of health equity research thus driving innovation in collaboration with underserved communities to improve health.The UNC Center for Health Equity Research’s Postdoctoral Program provides early stage investigators with unique opportunities to perform innovative research and strengthen capacities in eliminating health disparities, understanding and addressing social determinants of health and contributing to policy change. This postdoctoral program is designed to develop a network of colleagues conducting health equity research, particularly for those underrepresented in the fields of clinical and public health sciences. The fellowship especially highlights community-based participatory research (CBPR) as an important approach to study and address health disparities and social inequities. The position provides exceptional mentored training with an opportunity to develop research skills and collaborate with a dynamic, federally funded, multi-disciplinary team of investigators. The position is renewable for a second year depending on performance with a flexible start date. The training can be tailored to suit the individual’s requirements with opportunities for teaching experience, authorship on relevant manuscripts, collaborative grant writing experience, and independent grant submission. There is also ample support for conference travel and other training experiences.

Job posting.


 

Private Sector Healthcare Initiative Postdoctoral Fellow
The Global Health Group
University of California, San Francisco

The Private Sector Healthcare Initiative (PSHi) is seeking an experienced researcher, writer, and statistician to spearhead the analysis and publication of results from the Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Care-Seeking (MNCCS) study. This 18-month project includes three sequential studies designed to understand the trends in key maternal and child health indicators, as well as the unique determinants of maternal health outcomes in urban settings.

More information.

 

 

Last updated July 08, 2013