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Research News

Metabolic reprogramming of white blood cells controls inflammation in fat

May 11, 2016 Researchers in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health have found that it is possible to control inflammation in fat tissue by manipulating the presence of a specific metabolic protein in a type of white blood cell called a macrophage. This metabolic reprogramming may provide a crucial strategy for weakening the… Read more »

Costs of cancer drugs skyrocket; patients bear burden

April 28, 2016 A study authored by Stacie Dusetzina, PhD, assistant professor of health policy and management at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, found that oral cancer drugs introduced in 2014 were six times more expensive than those introduced in the year 2000. The findings raised concerns, as patients must bear the… Read more »

Theater-based intervention boosts adolescent knowledge of HIV, study finds

April 27, 2016 The results of a new study show that a theater-based comprehensive sexual health intervention was effective at enhancing HIV awareness among high school students in both North Carolina and California. The intervention, called AMP! (Arts-based, Multiple component, Peer-education), was developed in 2010 as an arts education tool, and has since been redesigned… Read more »

Increased saturated fat intake linked to aggressive prostate cancer

April 20, 2016 Eating a diet higher in saturated fat — a type of fat found commonly in foods such as fatty beef and cheese — was linked to more aggressive prostate cancer, found a study by researchers at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health and the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center. The preliminary results were… Read more »

20-year observation of adults in China shows physical activity levels in decline

April 19, 2016 As rapid cultural shifts take place in China, the country’s aging population is becoming less likely to engage in physical activity, finds a new study that followed more than 60,000 adults in China across two decades of their lives. The study did not examine physical activity in isolation, but instead analyzed changing… Read more »

Distributing self-test kits to women can promote HIV testing among men in Kenya, study finds

April 18, 2016 Self-testing is emerging as a promising approach to increasing HIV testing rates among men in sub-Saharan Africa. In a new study led by Harsha Thirumurthy, PhD, of the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, researchers analyzed whether providing multiple self-testing kits to women who are at high risk of HIV acquisition… Read more »

Older black women insured by Medicare receive targeted breast cancer treatment at low rate

April 13, 2016 The advent of targeted drugs for a specific type of breast cancer – HER2 positive –dramatically has improved survival rates for women with the disease. However, a study led by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center reveals low rates of use of a targeted… Read more »

Two studies address link between obesity and basal-like breast cancer

April 7, 2016 Recent work from the laboratory of Liza Makowski, PhD, assistant professor of nutrition at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, explores two possibilities for breaking the link between obesity and basal-like breast cancer. Basal-like breast cancer (BBC) is a highly aggressive type of tumor that often strikes young and African-American… Read more »

Community-academic research partnership analyzes focus groups to examine race-specific inequities in cancer treatment

April 7, 2016 A recent publication co-authored by two researchers from the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health shares lessons learned from a focus group analysis that examined inequities in cancer treatment. Geni Eng, DrPH, professor, and Alexandra Lightfoot, EdD, research assistant professor, both teach in the Department of Health Behavior at the Gillings… Read more »

Study finds no evidence that phthalates are responsible for increased childhood obesity

April 6, 2016 Jessie Buckley, PhD, a postdoctoral research associate in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health’s Department of Epidemiology, was featured in the “Science Selection” section of Environmental Health Perspectives for her recent research on phthalates and obesity in children. The research findings show no evidence of a connection between phthalates –… Read more »