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Research News

Gillings researchers receive funding to harmonize India-US youth diabetes registries

February 24, 2016 Two researchers at the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health have received funding from the National Institutes of Health for a collaborative grant to examine the incidence and prevalence of diabetes in youth and young adults in India and the United States. Currently, diabetes affects nearly 29 million… Read more »

Review of recent research suggests calcium supplements may be overused by middle-age and older adults

February 22, 2016 The adult recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) for calcium have changed several times over the last half-century, and controversy continues about how much calcium healthy adults need and whether the nutrient is delivered effectively by supplements rather than calcium-rich foods. An article co-authored by John Anderson, PhD, adjunct professor of nutrition at UNC’s… Read more »

PTSD may accelerate immune system aging

February 22, 2016 A new study led by a researcher at the University of North Carolina’s Gillings School of Global Public Health has found that people affected by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may also experience an unnatural decline or “aging” of their immune system. The study, centered in Detroit, Michigan, used both PTSD screening and… Read more »

Study finds different genetic mutation patterns for HPV-positive throat cancer patients based on smoking history

February 19, 2016 Smoking and infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) are two risk factors for an increasingly common type of throat cancer. In a new study, University of North Carolina’s Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have found that distinct genetic mutation patterns emerge in people with HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma who are heavy smokers…. Read more »

‘Tips from Former Smokers’ ads connect more than half a million people to tobacco cessation resources

February 19, 2016 The question: How effective was the “Tips From Former Smokers” (Tips) television campaign at driving traffic to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Tips campaign website? The answer: The Tips television spots that aired from March 4 to June 21, 2013 – during the second year of the federally funded… Read more »

Gillings researchers describe new method of measuring performance on complex public health goals

February 4, 2016 Country-level performance on public health, human rights and international development goals is notoriously hard to measure. Recently, three researchers from the Water Institute at UNC’s Gillings School of Global Public Health proposed a new way to track performance against such targets. Through a novel application of “frontier analysis,” which is based on… Read more »

Gillings School researchers join US cancer centers in endorsement of HPV vaccination for cancer prevention

January 27, 2016 UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center has joined 68 other National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers across the U.S. in calling for increasing the rates of vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV). The institutions collectively recognize insufficient HPV vaccination as a public health threat and call upon the nation’s physicians, parents and young… Read more »

Folate — friend or foe?

January 25, 2016 This article, written by Alyssa LaFaro and Mary Lide Parker, appeared originally in the January edition of Endeavors magazine, a publication of UNC Research that features the university’s research and creative activity. Cereal, pasta, bread, cookies – what do they have in common? The answer is “folic acid,” a synthesized form of a… Read more »

UNC’s pediatric airway center continues to improve care for children with tracheostomies, study finds

January 19, 2016 Pediatric patients who have complex respiratory problems, especially children with tracheostomies, face serious challenges in the health care system. Often, they are treated by several specialists, and poor communication among providers can increase the chance that their care will be less than optimal. In an article published online Jan. 11 in the… Read more »

In African cities, encouraging community discussions may reduce myths, increase contraceptive use

January 13, 2016 In Nigeria, Kenya and Senegal, the most common family planning myths consistently include, “people who use contraceptives end up with health problems” and “contraceptives are dangerous to women’s health.” Ilene Speizer, PhD, research professor, and Chinelo Okigbo, doctoral student, are both researchers with the Department of Maternal and Child Health at the… Read more »