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Research News

Early HIV treatment provides protection for uninfected partner, study finds

July 20, 2015 Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV infection provides lasting protection against the sexual transmission of the virus from infected men and women to their HIV-uninfected sexual partners. The discovery, made by investigators from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN), was reported July 20 at… Read more »

Rate of rural hospital closures is rising, study finds

July 20, 2015 Since 2010, the rate of rural hospital closures in the United States has increased significantly. During this period, there have been three closures in North Carolina alone. To achieve a preliminary look at recent closures, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill compared the 2009 financial performance and market… Read more »

UNC evidence review finds excess tobacco marketing in neighborhoods with more low-income and more African-American residents

July 17, 2015 Researchers at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill sought to identify evidence of excess tobacco marketing being associated with the characteristics of who lives in a given neighborhood. Tobacco marketing in retail stores is one of the most common ways the tobacco industry reaches youth and adults. Joseph G.L. Lee,… Read more »

Differences in colon cancer chemotherapy treatment among African-American and white patients

July 14, 2015 Although the incidence and mortality of colon cancer in the United States has declined over the past two decades, African-Americans still suffer worse outcomes than whites. Variations in treatment may contribute to the differences in mortality rate. Caitlin Murphy, MPH, CPH, predoctoral fellow with the Department of Epidemiology at the UNC-Chapel Hill… Read more »

New study cautions about nutritional status for women taking antiretroviral drugs

July 8, 2015 A new study led by researchers at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health highlights the nutritional impacts of antiretroviral therapy on HIV-infected breastfeeding women. The World Health Organization currently recommends that pregnant and breastfeeding HIV-infected women initiate lifelong therapy for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission, but little is known about… Read more »

Stephenson receives junior researcher poster award at Bayesian nonparametrics conference

July 7, 2015 On June 25, UNC-Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health student Briana Stephenson took home one of only three junior researcher poster awards presented at the 10th Conference on Bayesian Nonparametrics. Stephenson is a doctoral student in the Department of Biostatistics at the Gillings School. She shared her poster, which explored… Read more »

Depression can be treated well in HIV care, study finds

July 3, 2015 With appropriate support, people with HIV/AIDS can be helped to manage their depression effectively, according to a new study co-led by a researcher at UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health. However, effective depression treatment, even when combined with brief counseling about the importance of HIV medication adherence, did not lead to… Read more »

Study finds low-income children benefit from preventive oral health services

July 2, 2015 Oral health services, delivered by primary care clinicians and designed to prevent dental caries (cavities) in young children, can improve the oral health of kindergartners enrolled in Medicaid, according to a new study by three researchers affiliated with The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s Gillings School of Global Public Health…. Read more »

SSRIs may increase fracture risk in middle-aged women without psychiatric disorders, study finds

June 30, 2015 The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to treat vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause. Vasomotor menopausal symptoms (VMS) include hot flashes and night sweats. Use of low-dose SSRIs for non-psychiatric conditions has increased over the past two decades, and SSRIs are… Read more »

Study finds availability of parks and recreational facilities lower in some predominantly minority neighborhoods

June 26, 2015 A new study across six regions of the United States found that the availability of physical activity resources, such as parks and recreational facilities, varies by locations’ sociodemographic characteristics. The study was led by Sydney A. Jones, a doctoral student in the Department of Epidemiology at the UNC-Chapel Hill Gillings School of… Read more »