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Research News

Burning synthetic fireplace logs increases breast cancer risk

December 17, 2014 ’Tis the season to be burning synthetic fire logs, but a new study from UNC’s Gillings School of Global Public Health reports that using these prepackaged fireplace staples also could increase the chances of developing breast cancer. Alexandra White, MSPH, epidemiology doctoral student at the Gillings School, is first author of the… Read more »

Compact development reduces air pollution but may harm health, study finds

December 11, 2014 An analysis by a team of North Carolina-based environmental and planning researchers concludes that densely populated regions with compact urban development that discourages commuting by car—widely touted as a way to increase public exercise and reduce harmful automobile emissions—may only slightly lower average regional particulate matter (PM) concentrations in air. However, such… Read more »

HB doctoral candidate adds expertise to special journal supplement on adolescent sexual health

December 15, 2014 This month, the Journal of Adolescent Health launched a special edition containing six review papers related to progress made in the last 20 years in the area of sexual and reproductive health and rights for adolescents. The special edition was coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Women’s Health… Read more »

Tobacco control strategies may aid in preventing skin cancers caused by indoor tanning

December 8, 2014 Indoor tanning booths were once the domain of college-age and working women who toasted their pale skins in late winter, before donning a new strapless dress or the first bikini of the season. Today, however, the authors of a new study call the indoor tanning craze “a present and emerging public health… Read more »

UNC awarded $2.5M NIEHS grant to study indoor air pollution

December 5, 2014 Two Gillings School of Global Health faculty members are part of a University of North Carolina research team that received a $2.5 million National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) grant to study the relationship of indoor air pollutants, health and poverty in Rwanda. Leena Nylander-French, PhD, professor of environmental sciences and… Read more »

UNC study finds lower vaccine uptake in states with higher rates of HPV-related cervical cancer

November 26, 2014 This article, written by Christina Izzo, first appeared in Oncology Nursing News on Nov. 12. It is reprinted here with permission. New data have shown that states having higher rates of cervical cancer incidence and mortality also have low HPV vaccination rates among young women. The findings were presented at the American… Read more »

Lytle in JAMA commentary: ‘Healthful foods in schools are important tool in fight against obesity’

November 19, 2014 A commentary by Leslie Lytle, PhD, professor and chair of health behavior at The University of North Carolina’s Gillings School of Global Public Health, was published online Nov. 17 in JAMA Pediatrics. The article, “Considering the Potential Effect of Federal Policy on Childhood Obesity,” was a response to a paper by Yvonne… Read more »

Review informs design for smoking cessation interventions for LGBT people

November 18, 2014 Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in the U.S. is 68 percent higher than among heterosexuals. Little published work has addressed how to best promote smoking-cessation efforts targeting LGBT people, but unpublished community-led programs have important lessons for designing interventions. Clinical treatments such as counseling and nicotine replacement… Read more »

Sickle cell trait in African-Americans associated with increased kidney disease risk, new research finds

November 14, 2014 African-Americans carrying a genetic sickle cell trait face up to a two-fold risk increase for chronic kidney disease, according to a paper published online Nov. 13 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Co-authors from the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health include epidemiology faculty members Wayne Rosamond, PhD, professor,… Read more »

Two epidemiology postdocs win research excellence awards

November 12, 2014 Anne Justice, PhD, and Vineet Menachery, PhD, postdoctoral fellows in epidemiology at the Gillings School, have received The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s 2014 Postdoctoral Awards for Research Excellence. They will accept their awards from Barbara Entwisle, PhD, distinguished professor of sociology and vice chancellor for research, and Mark Heise,… Read more »