Study finds diet as effective and less expensive than drugs in treating esophageal inflammation
Dr. Daniel Erim and colleagues found that a six-food elimination diet was as effective as topical corticosteroids — and less expensive — in treating eosinophilic esophagitis, a condition in which inflamed esophageal tissue leads to a person’s difficulty in swallowing solid foods. Erim is a doctoral student in health policy and management.
Obesity prevention education has positive impact on college students, study finds
Dr. Leslie Lytle led a weight-gain prevention intervention program for people in their first and second years of college. The results, reported in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, show that online social networking and support can help prevent weight gain in this group of young adults. Lytle is professor and chair of health behavior at the Gillings School.
Ribisl co-authors Surgeon General’s report on e-cigarette use by youth and young adults
Dr. Kurt Ribisl, professor of health behavior at the Gillings School, is a co-author of the 2016 Surgeon General’s report, “E-cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults.” Published by the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, the report calls for improved regulation of e-cigarettes and increased education about health risks related to e-cigarette use.
Faculty member says high school football is not worth health risk to young players
In an article in the journal Pediatrics, Dr. Lewis Margolis argues that high school football programs should be disbanded, given the risks to young players of the sport. Margolis is associate professor of maternal and child health at the Gillings School.
From health-care providers, announcements do more than conversations to improve HPV vaccination rates
In an effort to increase uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, researchers at UNC evaluated the effectiveness of training health-care providers either to make presumptive announcements about the vaccine or to engage in participatory conversations with families. Study results showed that only the announcement training led to a meaningful increase in vaccine initiation.
UNC researchers create first model of MERS-CoV virus in mouse populations
Researchers from UNC have announced a new mouse model for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. This publication marks the first time that an animal model has successfully reproduced the MERS-CoV disease symptoms seen in human patients.
UNC, Duke-NUS team identifies first step to neutralizing Zika
A team of researchers from the UNC Gillings School and the Duke-NUS Medical School has discovered the mechanism by which C10, a human antibody previously identified to react with the Dengue virus, prevents Zika infection at a cellular level.
ESE researchers awarded large supercomputing grant from DOE
A team of researchers, including two UNC faculty members and an alumnus, has been awarded a large grant from the United States Department of Energy (DOE). Through the Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment program, they will receive 115 million core hours of use on the world’s third-fastest supercomputer.
Lack of optimal breastfeeding may cause alarming disparities in infant deaths, study finds
Lack of optimal breastfeeding led to more than twice the number of deaths among African-American infants than white infants in computer models. This finding was published in a recent study co-authored by Dr. Alison Stuebe, Distinguished Scholar of Infant and Young Child Feeding in the Department of Maternal and Child Health.
Study finds disparities in drinking water quality in Wake County, NC
In Wake County, some predominantly African-American neighborhoods in urban areas completely lack access to nearby municipal water systems. As a result, residents are exposed to notably higher quantities of microbial contaminants via well water.